I am working on a story including O'Neill cylinders (OC) and I am tripping over the math for determining the load an OC can handle based on the construction material.

I know the formulas for determining the maximum radius I can use for various materials but I don't see how to determine how much mass I can put inside the OC without it failing (or causing it to fail based on the story). How does the thickness of the tube affect the mass it can hold?

On a related question, how much mass would be necessary for a typical suburban environment?

Can anyone point me to a resource so I can study up?

Thanks!